Duties of the Master Mason
After reading about it the first word I hear is the word « duty », the word that I think our society is now too often forgotten in favor of the word « right ». Through this board I would treat duties in our society, since then the rank of master is only the result of an evolution it seems important to me to speak of duties throughout this development and therefore the duties of apprentices, homework companion and finally the duties of master mason of himself, his brothers and the society in which we must bring everything that we had inside.
Homework (Taken from the « Victionary » internet dictionary). Etymology: From the Latin debere (« things due »). Its use dates back to the ninth century.
Definition : Being forced to something by morality, by law, by its condition, for honor, for decorum, etc. To make a point about the duties and rights in our society make a French back in our history. Until the French Revolution there was never a question of rights. It is in 1789 that the French Revolution, proclaiming in its early hours the Declarations of the Rights of Man and Citizen, showed his will in breaking with the old regime, to pass the man from the state of son of the Church and about the King (with no rights but only duties) to citizen capable exercising its new rights become an autonomous actor in humanity.
Rights whether individual or collective, have very varied sources. Some stem from religious principles, but many others come from philosophical, as « freedom of conscience », or social struggles as « the right of association ». The actual content of the rights actually varied widely over time ; He continues to update, modernize. Thus, ownership has been gradually framework of rights and social duties.
The duty relies primarily within the meaning of personal responsibility, each individual being sought in his consciousness the basis of its behavior.Duty is no longer the result of a constraint, but of choice. We are led to believe that the rights and duties are nested together there has both autonomy and interaction between rights and duties. That says about that Article IV of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen in 1789 ?
« Freedom is being able to do what does not harm others. Hence the exercise of the natural rights of each man has no limits who assure to the other members of society the enjoyment of these rights; these limits can only be determined by law ». This article correlates three terms that serve as binding our lives in society: freedom, rights and law. Our company is obviously limited; it is bounded by the rights of others. Thus, we can highlight the words of the motto Liberty - Equality - Fraternity ; Freedom is the right, Equality and Fraternity principle of duty. The rights are a good thing but it is important to remember that statement of Gandhi « It is the duty which is the true source of rights ». This sentence Gandhi is sharp and explicitly gives the duty predominance rights.
From this perspective, the duty is the fundamental basis of society and the rights are a product of duty. I will now discuss our homework in combination starting with the duties of the apprentice. I think it is good to remember that the first part of the initiation ritual EBITDA begins in the office of reflection with the trip of the land for which the recipient will write his philosophical testament in which he is asked 3 questions :
The duties of man towards mankind
Then follow the other 3 trips and a series of commitments and duties will be taken. Here is a partial list: A strong commitment, respect of confidentiality, attendance, submissions to the specific regulations of the lodge and general obedience, silence about the work, help and support to all the brothers not affect either be even his family or nation, be good, radiate invest for his own, being a man of honor and integrity worker, and act to promote brotherhood... I'll stop there but you could certainly go on.
The apprentice has the primary duty to work on his rock at him: he must de-enlarge his stone. For that it will work with the first tools entrusted. But one of the main things he is asked to EBITDA is silence, the silence that causes listening, analysis and understanding. If I had to take stock of what has made this degree, I think it is a stronger ability to relativism and analyze, in fact this question was put to me during my raise and my answer was: When I was still a layman if a problem arose I had a tendency, as I think a lot of man, panic and collapse in front of me, so much that sometimes I'd rather go around the same face if I knew that sooner or later he would catch me. Today my behavior before a problem is much more thoughtful, before trying to solve it I step back for perspective, analyze it better, and when I have the solution since there is always a solution, then at that time I then confronts.
Now I will talk about the duties of companion EBITDA.
During his promotion ceremony in the second degree, at
the end of the first voyage is told he has a duty to develop the five
senses, as they are the means of control necessary to search our inner
nature « knowledge thyself »,
they are also the tools needed to make contact with the outside.
In this grade the freemason will be able to travel to try to learn differently, compared to knowledge of others and can be suddenly changed its gains for improvement. The companion will have to open up to others to even try to improve. The key point that gave me that grade, it's not like you might think the trip and opening another as being in the trade me already was moving a lot and of course I loved the man because otherwise it is impossible to do this job. No profit as I pulled lies mainly at the glorification of work. I, from this moment, really realized the importance of work to build, come true, bring to others, and finally experience a real freedom. Please note for those who do not know me that it is not my habit to write long boards, but it seemed really necessary to follow this path because all I think this is the foundation and evolution of all who may follow. End up with what I think are the duties of master mason in EBITDA.
We can already say with one of our brothers have said so in one of his boards: At the ceremony of exaltation to the mastery we find four kinds of homework. The duty written in the plural with a lowercase as initial. He shows how one does not expect Brother he could contract, despite the importance of oaths previously made by it, major duties he could not have even apprehended so fragmentary. Then there is always the duty plural but this time with a capital letter, it is the duty of a man of honor and Freemason.
With the size of Freemason, who has herself crescendo to that of a man of honor, the concept of duty cannot be minor, no more than tiny. Then we meet the need in the singular and in lowercase, no heavy duty, no external constraint, it is the expression of a simple duty, that we easily recognize as a light to take due. And the duty singular capitalized, the one found at the completion of the story T\ V\ M\ : « Thus perished the just man, faithful to the Duty to death ». It marks the synthesis obligations recognized, understood and followed, synthesis which characterizes the righteous man. Regarding the duties of master mason in general, I would say it should remember all the commitments he has been able to in previous grades, they must of course honor them and from there another dimension is created for him, he rises above it all, he understands that he is on earth to bring to others, either masonry or in secular life.
The apprentice and the journeyman seeking knowledge. The Master Mason, is a man of action leading to the outside. The rank of Master is the symbol of an inner asceticism to cause spiritual evolution leading to the broader sense of Duty understanding. Teacher admits Duty and the Right have meaning only in relation to the property. The contradiction between the fact that the Duty seems to emanate from us, and the fact that we forced. The sense of Duty is inseparable from the idea that we do good, the attraction we feel for the property. Duty to act by means working whenever considering his actions on the universal level. They are doing what the Duty requires. The duty somehow grows us as it takes us from the individual to the collective.
If the Apprentice and Journeyman are entitled to ask what they were harvested after assisted in the work of the Lodge, the Master Mason's commitment to nightly stock of what he has sown, n 'have only Loge but especially outside, because most of its existence is not in his Lodge, but in the secular world. According to Anderson's Constitutions, the Lodge is a place where Masons assemble and work. I stress the word work, work that must continue absolutely outside of the Lodge. Participate in the Lodge and meeting his brothers is one thing. To practice in the secular world what was learned in the Lodge is another. Freemasonry will be sentenced the day when the master masons have no desire to excel and to sow in the secular world. Let there be no misunderstanding, each master mason did his best and it does not require him to do exploits. He has no obligation to succeed. He only has an obligation to do better. I think we can distinguish three kinds of commitments master mason. The commitment to have an active participation in the work of the Lodge letting our metals at the door of the temple. Active and not passive presence. The commitment to focus on continuing development and alchemy of his inner being, having to support the Masonic teaching, his tools, his brothers, with enough humility to realize how he knows everything that he does not know. And commitment of the master mason to help build a better world to be more just and more human, which is ultimately the final goal of his oath. This is not a utopian thinking, but real activity in the secular world. Otherwise, the master mason is like a tree without fruit.
The Master Mason has also to impose the duties in his behavior.
We need the word of the master mason is impeccable, as speech is a tool that can destroy. It is imperative to be aware of and therefore control it. Say what you really think is not always adequate. Talk only about what one knows and has practiced suggests rather than impose, show by personal example. In houses, the master mason gives the best of himself, but it is not necessary for him to dazzle his brothers by his Masonic knowledge or achievements in the secular world, it does not want at all costs to impose the other as befits behave.
Another aspect of the behavior of the master mason in Lodge and in secular life is its ability to live in the moment, that is to say, to give the greatest importance in the present, here and now. When do we live? Yesterday, today or tomorrow. Obviously now, the present moment I am reading my text. Everything else is memories and past where imagination and future. Living in the present moment, the master mason will be in full possession of him, allowing him to better manage his life. The past is it useful for lessons and experiences, the future being created by the conscious action of the moment.
Regarding the behavior of the master mason in secular life, it seems clear that there must be an example to those around him. I would also say something about the feeling of gratitude that should animate all master masons. Saying thank you does not lower us not. Instead, it raised us. Therefore, regardless of religious beliefs, the master mason must have a sense of gratitude for the gift of life given to it. Finally, there must be a sense of gratitude toward Freemasonry and his brothers involved in its evolution. And above all things, he must not forget that without love there is nothing. Because love is everywhere, in us, around us, on all levels: human, cosmic...
By making a personal point on the duties of master mason, I think I can say that the main duty of the master mason is in action and give you a thought of Albert Einstein, who is this : « The world is dangerous to live, not because of those who do evil, but because of those who look on and do it ! ».
My Brothers, well above the worries of material life, opens to the Freemason's vast realm of thought and action. Before we parted, we raise together towards our ideal. It inspires our conduct in the secular world, guiding our life ; it is the light for our path.
|Translated from French by P\ B\ - Date 05/11/2014|
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